A lawn mower needs engine oil to run smoothly. Like any other combustion engine, oil is essential in lubricating and cooling the constantly moving parts. However, you need to use the right kind of oil for your engine type. So, can you use 10W30 in a lawn mower?
Yes, you can use 10W30 oil in a lawn mower instead of SAE 30. 10W30 is a multi-grade oil formulated for both low and warm temperature conditions. It’s great for fuel efficiency, adequate engine protection and smooth noiseless operation.
Can I Use 10W30 in a lawn Mower?
Although most lawn mower manufacturers recommend SAE 30 oil you can also use 10W30 oil which has a great performance both in high and low temperatures. This type of engine oil guarantees engine protection of the engine, fuel efficiency and smooth operation in varied climatic conditions.
10W30 is a multi-grade engine oil engineered to possess the properties of two different viscosity grade oils. That is, SAE 10W weight oil under 32°F and SAE 30 weight oil at 212°F. This means 10W-30 oil can survive in a temperature as low as -13°F and as high as 86°F.
In a multi-grade oil, the numbers before the ‘W’ represent the oil’s winter-grade viscosity. That is, the rate at which oil flows when temperatures drops. The lower this number is, the better an engine oil will performs in cold temperatures.
The numbers after the ‘W’ represents the oil viscosity at high temperature and the higher the digits are, the better the oil performs in hot temperature conditions. Therefore, the kind of motor oil to use in lawn mower typically depends on the prevailing climate conditions.
Why Use 10W30 oil instead of SAE30?
SAE 30 oil is only rated for warmer viscosity, this means that when the temperature drops below 32°F, this kind of oil will have a harder time flowing through the engine parts. Commonly applicable to older engines, and you would have to change engine oil to lighter grades when cold temperatures sets in.
However, modern lawn mower engines are now designed to use multi-grade oils like 10W30 that offer protection from temperature swings. For this reason, you need to use 10W30 oil if you are operating in cold or hot conditions. Beyond that, this lubricant will offer the following benefits:
- Reduced oil consumption in your engine
- Greater fuel efficiency and use
- Better sludge control in the engine
- Reduced wear and tear of engine parts
- Adequate protection against rust and corrosion
- Smooth and noiseless operation due to greater viscosity
Is 10W-30 a Synthetic Oil?
10W-30 engine oil comes in conventional, synthetic, and synthetic blend variants. Naturally, 10W-30 synthetic motor oil outperforms all other variants at normal operating temperature. However, this synthetic motor oil is expensive compared to other varieties.
Conventional motor oil is cheaper than other variants but it breaks down faster and becomes unstable at higher temperature conditions. Synthetic blend 10W-30 on the other hand shares similar properties with synthetic variety but it’s slightly less expensive.
More important, do not use low quality oils in your lawnmower as they can easily damage or weaken your engine. When buying engine oil, always pay attention to the API (American Petroleum Institute) seal which acts as a proof of quality.
Which Oil Can I Use Instead of 10W-30?
There are several types of oil working under different climates. Instead of 10W-30, you can choose one among the following to use in your lawn mower:
- SAE 30: Engineered for warmer temperatures, most common oil for small engines.
- Synthetic SAE 5W-30: Best protection at all temperatures, improved starting with less oil consumption.
- SAE 5W-30: Formulated for very cold temperatures.
- Vanguard 15W-50: Applies for varying temperature range and/or continuous-use, such as commercial lawn cutting.
Why you should check and change your lawn mower oil
You should always check and change your lawn mower engine oil. By now you know how important oil is important to the life of any combustion engine. Oil usually acts as a lubricant and at the same time as a coolant. Without refreshing the oil, the life and performance of your engine will decrease.
Engine oil should be replaced at least once every season – spring or summer, or after every 50 hours of use. And for a new lawn mower engine, you’ll need to change the oil after the first five hours of running. Use the recommended oil by the mower manufacture.
With time, engine oil breaks down and at the same time becomes very dirty. This makes it to lose its cooling and protection abilities. In this state, failure to change the oil will result to a significant damage to your engine. It is also a reason why a lawn mower won’t start or keeps breaking down.
How to check your oil level?
It’s also risky running a lawn mower without enough oil. When changing the oil, you have to make sure that it gets to the right level. This is simply done using the provided dipstick. To check your lawn mower oil level:
- Park your lawn mower on a flat surface, turn off the engine and disconnect the spark plug cable to prevent the engine from accidentally starting.
- Remove the dipstick cap, apply some pressure and twist counter clockwise to remove the dipstick.
- Once you’ve removed the dipstick, wipe it with a clean rag before reinstalling it so that the reading will be accurate.
- When reinstalling the dipstick, make sure the teeth on the cap match the grooves on the dipstick tube.
- Reinstall the dipstick by applying some pressure and twist clockwise to fit the dipstick cap.
- Remove the cap again and view oil level towards the bottom of the dipstick blade.
- Oil level should be between the full and add marks on the dipstick.
- If oil level is low, pour a few ounces at a time to avoid overfilling and allow enough time for the oil to settle before rechecking the oil level.
Lawn mowers comes in different needs of oil based on engine sizes and climatic conditions. It is likely that your owner’s manual will specify the kind of oil to use but 10W30 oil can be used in any 4-stroke lawn mower engine. This is the right lubricant to use when planning to mow in hot or cold regions.